Although the mother’s maiden name was supposed to be written in this field, none of the cards examined thus far have a name here. Instead, if the field is not blank, information such as “private” or “IND” (for independent) is noted in this space. This identifies the people known as individual emigrants who were not DPs and who were emigrating without IRO support. The IRO sold spaces on its ships to such people. If these individual emigrants were sponsored by relatives or an aid organization, then even Germans such as Adelheid Meyer could board a ship – although there is no indication that she had been persecuted during the war and thus had DP status.